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Revista Uruguaya de Medicina Interna

versão On-line ISSN 2393-6797


LOPEZ, Elizabeth M et al. Evaluation of Parameters of Inflammation, Thrombotic State and Genetic Variants in Patients with Ischemic Stroke in an Uruguayan Hospital. Rev. Urug. Med. Int. [online]. 2023, vol.8, n.3, pp.35-47.  Epub 01-Dez-2023. ISSN 2393-6797.


Stroke is the second cause of death in adults in the Western world and one of the main causes of permanent disability, increasing in frequency with age; 85% are ischemic.


To analyze thrombophilic, hypofibrinolytic, inflammatory, and genetic parameters in patients with ischemic stroke and evaluate possible associations with vascular risk factors.


Questionnaires were used to evaluate vascular risk factors in 114 patients included in the study with ischemic stroke diagnosis. Protein C and Antithrombin were determined by chromogenic assays, Activated Protein C Resistance and Lupus Anticoagulant were determined with by coagulometry and Free Protein S, Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, Homocysteine and Lipoprotein (a) by immunochemistry. Fibrinogen was assayed by coagulometry and C-reactive protein by immunoturbidimetry, both against a control group. Factor V Leiden, Prothrombin G20210A, rs1205 (CRP gene), rs1800779 (NOS3 gene) and rs2257073 (ASB10 gene) genetic variants were analyzed by Real-Time PCR, comparing the last three with a reference population. Alteration frequencies of the variables were determined by chi-square statistical analysis.


Three out of four of the young patients studied presented indicators of thrombophilia. The rest of the altered parameters were Homocysteine 30.1% (22.4-39.1), Lipoprotein (a) 32.1% (24.1-41.4), Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 36.0% (27.8-45.1), Fibrinogen 12.3% (7.5-19.6) and C-reactive protein 78.1% (69.6-84.7). Associations were found (p<0.05) between certain vascular risk factors and parameters evaluated, namely hypertension/C-reactive protein, dyslipidemia/lipoprotein (a), arrhythmia/lipoprotein (a) and arrhythmia/fibrinogen. For ischemic stroke patients only the genetic variant rs1205 showed higher frequency of the T allele.


This study reveals the importance of analyzing thrombophilia in young patients, especially those without vascular risk factors, as well as the role of hypofibrinolysis, inflammation and some genetic variants in the development of ischemic stroke.

Palavras-chave : ischemic stroke; thrombophilia; inflammation; hypofibrinolysis; genetic variants.

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