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Revista Uruguaya de Medicina Interna

versão impressa ISSN 2393-6797versão On-line ISSN 2393-6797


PAPARELLA, Cecilia et al. Male infertility. Labor exposure to environmental factors and their effect on seminal quality. Rev. Urug. Med. Int. [online]. 2017, vol.2, n.2, pp.10-21. ISSN 2393-6797.

:Using data Pub Med Medline, Science Direct, Endocrine Society, Argentine Society of Andrology, a bibliographic review was made to study and interpret the effect of environmental factors such as pesticides, toxic, solvents, heat and electromagnetic radiation on reproduction. Most of these factors behave as endocrine disruptors altering the homeostasis and causing hormonal unbalance during development and offspring. Monoculture of transgenic sprayed with poisons negatively impacts on male reproductive health. Elevated temperature by exposure to sources that radiate heat or remain seated for many hours alters the spermatogenesis. Electronic articles emit harmful radiation by increasing environmental exposure to electromagnetic fields that testicular function. Exposed men increase the risk of infertility by presenting dysfunctional membrane, increased DNA fragmentation and alterations in sperm morphology, motility and concentration. These effectors in the work environment must be evaluated in male infertility.

Palavras-chave : semen; male infertility; environmental factors; occupational exposure; endocrine disruptors.

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