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Psicología, Conocimiento y Sociedad

versão On-line ISSN 1688-7026


BANOS-CHAPARRO, Jonatan et al. Translation and validity of the Literacy of Suicide Scale Short Form in Peruvian population. Psicol. Conoc. Soc. [online]. 2023, vol.13, n.2, pp.4-20.  Epub 31-Ago-2023. ISSN 1688-7026.

Health education involves professionals and the general population on mental and physical health literacy to increase help-seeking and reduce stigma. Suicide is a frequent problem in the general population that affects family members, social network and health professionals, being a need for increased literacy about suicidal behaviors. The objective of the study was make the translation into Spanish and validation of the Literacy of Suicide Scale Short Form in Peruvian adults from the general population. The research was instrumental and 1020 adults participated in the study. Back translation was used for the Spanish version. A Rasch model and differential item functioning (DIF) were estimated. On average, participants had the greatest difficulty with the items associated with risk factors (26.6% correct) and signs or indicators of suicide (26.9% correct), and the least difficulty with treatment and prevention (57.7% correct). There was evidence of adequate content validity (V > .70) and items 11 and 12 had the more discrimination parameter. In addition, there was no evidence of DIF according to sex and the LOSS-SF is more useful at medium and high levels of the construct. In conclusion, the Spanish version of the LOSS-SF presents sources of evidence of validity based on content, internal structure, reliability and invariance by sex. Its use is recommended in the general adult population and comparisons according to sex, being useful in prevention programs and suicide awareness activities.

Palavras-chave : Health literacy; suicide; mental health; adult.

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