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Veterinaria (Montevideo)

versão impressa ISSN 0376-4362versão On-line ISSN 1688-4809


CEBALLOS, Maria Camila  e  TARAZONA, Ariel Marcel. Interactions between humans and production animals: importance and challenges. Veterinaria (Montev.) [online]. 2023, vol.59, n.220, e301.  Epub 01-Dez-2023. ISSN 0376-4362.

Human-animal interaction in production systems involves any contact between humans and animals. These interactions include tactile, visual, olfactory, and auditory stimuli perception and can be classified according to their nature as positive, negative, or neutral. Some routine management practices on the farm are usually aversive. If poor handling is added, the overall result will be negative, generating animal fear and avoidance. Conversely, proper handling, habituation, and positive reinforcement can facilitate animal handling, reducing stress and risks for everyone. It is important to consider stockpeople attitudes, additionally, how they perform their work, which depends on their capacity (skills, health and knowledge), opportunity (working conditions, equipment and available tools, co-workers’ actions, and organizational policies and rules), and disposition (motivation, satisfaction, and attitude toward work and animals). To improve stockpeople behaviour towards animals, it is not only necessary to acquire knowledge and skills but also to modify the person founded habits by changing established attitudes and beliefs. Thus, training programs for stockpeople, mainly aimed at changing attitudes and behaviours, improve their handling skills, attitudes and behaviours and, consequently, reduce animals’ fear of humans. Improving animal handling benefits both animals and handlers, improving productivity and welfare for both.

Palavras-chave : Attitude; Animal welfare; Conditioning; Stress; Habituation.

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