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Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay

versão impressa ISSN 0004-0584versão On-line ISSN 1688-1249


FERNANDEZ, Coral et al. Nasopharyngeal colonization from Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes in Uruguayan children before and after pneumococcal conjugate vaccines. Arch. Pediatr. Urug. [online]. 2018, vol.89, n.4, pp.235-241. ISSN 0004-0584.

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) are effective against children’s severe infections and they also constrain nasopharyngeal colonization due to the serotypes in their formulas. There are no recent publications in Uruguay regarding serotypes hosted in the children’s nasopharyngeal reservoir, either from before or after the introduction of the PCV. With the purpose of characterizing nasopharyngeal colonization of children under 2 years of age and describing the S. pneumoniae serotypes before and after the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in the Uruguayan National Vaccination Report, we carried out a descriptive retrospective study including three periods: 2002- 2003 and 2014-2015 in Paysandú, and 2012-2013 in Montevideo. S. pneumoniae was isolated in local laboratories and the “quellung” serotypification was carried out in the Laboratories of the Public Health Department. We processed 831 samples and recovered 54.8% pneumococci (n=456), of which 223 were typified. Prior to the vaccination, the study showed invasive serotype carriage, mainly of the 6A, 6B, 14 and 19F serotypes, all included in the 13-valent vaccine. At the HIV clinic, colonization from invasive pneumococci was much lower and the post vaccination study showed the almost complete disappearance of the invasive strains (6/93), mainly of the less common serotypes, which called the attention towards the increase of vigilance towards the monitoring of children colonization dynamics.

Palavras-chave : Streptococcus pneumoniae; Pneumococcal vaccine; Herd immunity.

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