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Revista Uruguaya de Antropología y Etnografía

Print version ISSN 2393-7068On-line version ISSN 2393-6886


GUTIERREZ MARTINEZ, Daniel. COMMUNITY IDENTITIES AND INDIGENIST POLICIES. Rev. urug. Antropología y Etnografía [online]. 2017, vol.2, n.2, pp.27-44. ISSN 2393-7068.

Different answers have being given to explain the identity process in the relationship between public policies and communities. One of them is acculturation, so dear to Aguirre Beltrán (Aguirre Beltrán ,1957) and, on the other hand, syncretism has also being used as a model to explain the so called indigenist identity-public policies relationship.

The debate on mobile and flexible identities no doubt has its roots in the 70’s but by the end of the last Century it began to gain its place in the political area to gather further energy at the beginning of the XXI Century. From the structural anthropology with Lévi-Strauss to the symbolic anthropology of Clifford Geertz, the identity notion has evolved a great deal and provided an enormous input to the understanding of how social meanings are formed. Nevertheless we consider that a total theory on identities has yet to be completed. Not only mobile and flexible identities but we have to include senses, feelings of belonging that agglutinate and distinguish regarding the others. This will by the specific proposal of this article.

Keywords : feeling of belonging; identities threshold; hybridization; resignification; contemporary indigenisms.

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