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Revista Uruguaya de Medicina Interna

versión impresa ISSN 2393-6797versión On-line ISSN 2393-6797


MARTINEZ, Rosario et al. Insufficient adherence to the prevention of venous thromboembolic disease in Uruguayan Hospitals. A serious health problem. Rev. Urug. Med. Int. [online]. 2020, vol.5, n.3, pp.4-13.  Epub 01-Dic-2020. ISSN 2393-6797.


Venous Thromboembolic Disease (VTE) is a serious, frequent and preventable medical complication in hospitalized patients. Although the efficacy of its prevention (pharmacological and / or mechanical) has been demonstrated, its adherence is insufficient at the international and national level.


Contribute to the knowledge of the national reality on thromboprophylaxis in hospitalized patients in order to optimize their adherence. To know the prevalence of the risk of VTE in the analyzed population and evaluate adherence to the indication of thromboprophylaxis.


Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional and multicenter study of all medical-surgical patients admitted to moderate care wards of Hospital de Clínicas, Hospital Maciel and Sanatorio Americano, during April 26 and 27, 2017. Sociodemographic variables and the percentage of patients were studied at risk of VTE. In patients at risk, the percentage who received pharmacological thromboprophylaxis was assessed.


427 patients were included. 63% (269) presented medical pathology and 37% (158) surgical pathology. 294 (68.9%) were at risk of VTE, of which 55.8% (164) were receiving pharmacological prophylaxis. They did not receive it by omission 19.4% (57), due to contraindication 18.4% (54) and because they were anticoagulated 6.4% (19). None of the patients with a contraindication for pharmacological thromboprophylaxis received mechanical measures. The population of patients at risk who received thromboprophylaxis was statistically higher in medical patients (66.7%, 110/165) than in surgical patients (41.9%, 54/129) p <0.001. Of the 130 patients who did not have an indication for drug thromboprophylaxis, 9.3% (12) received it. All these patients presented medical pathology.


In our study we found 68.9% of patients at risk, which confirms that it is a serious and frequent problem. With regard to thromboprophylaxis, although we observed a clear improvement compared to previous national studies, we believe that it is still insufficient and we must continue working on this line.

Palabras clave : Venous thromboembolism; prevention; hospitalised patient.

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