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Revista Uruguaya de Medicina Interna

versión impresa ISSN 2393-6797versión On-line ISSN 2393-6797

Resumen

GAUDIANO, Javier et al. Epidemiological of cerebrovascular attack in a university hospital. Rev. Urug. Med. Int. [online]. 2019, vol.4, n.2, pp.24-31. ISSN 2393-6797.  http://dx.doi.org/10.26445/04.02.1.

Introduction:

Acute ischemic stroke is a prevalent condition in our working environment, with high morbility and mortality. Hospital Pasteur is a tertiary level institution, which assists an elevated number of patients with acute ischemic stroke. Getting to know its epidemiologic characteristics will enable the development of health promotion and primary prevention measures. Identifying its clinical presentation form and applying validated study algorithms will allow for a proper diagnosis, early treatment and development of secondary prevention measures.

Objectives:

To study the sociodemographic characteristics of patients diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack assisted in Hospital Pasteur´s Internal Medicine wards, their associated risk factors, clinical presentation and to determine whether the proposed study algorithm was followed.

Methodology and procedure:

This is a descriptive, observational and transversal study which took place at Hospital Pasteur. The population consisted of adult patients admitted to Internal Medicine wards with the diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack or who presented the event during their stay, between the months of July and September 2018. Results and discussion: The data of 29 patientes was obtained; 20 were female. The mean age was 70.34 years. Ischemic nature was the most prevalent. The most frequent risk factors were arterial hypertension, sedentary lifestyle, dyslipidemia and smoking. Pyramidal syndrome was the most common clinical presentation. A study algorithm was followed in all patients.

Conclusion:

Getting to know the risk factors, nature and clinical presentation form of AIS and TIA allows for the creation of primary and secondary prevention strategies for the comprehensive approach of these patients, therefore intending to reduce this disease´s incidence and its terrible consequences.

Palabras clave : AIS; TIA; cardiovascular risk factors; arterial hypertension.

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