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Enfermería: Cuidados Humanizados

versão impressa ISSN 1688-8375versão On-line ISSN 2393-6606


RODRIGUEZ VIDAL, Magali; BADILLA AGUILERA, Elizabeth  e  CRUZ PEDREROS, Mónica. Mental health and its relationship with biosociodemographic characteristics in hemodialysed patients. Enfermería (Montevideo) [online]. 2019, vol.8, n.1, pp.79-93. ISSN 1688-8375.

End-stage renal disease is considered a pandemic worldwide. In Chile 32% of the economic resources in health are destined to its treatment, being the hemodialisys the most common treatment in those patients. This pathology modifies the entire balance of the person, subjecting it to various stressors and causing alterations in the physical, psychological and social behaviors, directly impacting the mental health of patients. The objective of this research was to identify mental health and its relationship with biosociodemographic characteristics in hemodialysis patients, from the Chronic Unit at Hospital Las Higueras, Talcahuano. A descriptive, correlational and transversal quantitative study was carried out. The data was collected through an interview. The instrument used was the Golberg Scale to measure mental health plus biosociodemographic variables. Out of 53 participants, 58.5% presented absence of psychopathology, 26.4% presence and 15.1% suspicion. There were 56.6% men and 44.4% women, 60.3% were un a relationship, 50.9% had medium level formal studies, 83% were pensioned, and the average time on hemodialysis was 94.2 months. It was also found that the presence of diabetes mellitus was associated with a higher incidence of suspected psychopathology. Therefore, this study allowed us to conclude that the suspicion and / or presence of psychopathology was related to advanced age, female gender, low economic income, longer time on hemodialysis, being pensioned and suffering from diabetes. The absence was related to a higher educational level and well paid jobs.

Palavras-chave : mental health; hemodialysis; nursing; human characteristics..

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