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Enfermería: Cuidados Humanizados

versión impresa ISSN 1688-8375versión On-line ISSN 2393-6606

Resumen

ROMAN SACON, Jackeline  y  CALLE CONTRERAS, Pamela. Psychomotor development status in healthy children attending a child center in Santo Domingo, Ecuador. Enfermería (Montevideo) [online]. 2017, vol.6, n.2, pp.49-65. ISSN 1688-8375.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22235/ech.v6i2.1467.

Abstract: The goal of this article is to describe psychomotor development scores in children who attend the children's center through Form 028, corresponding to the Internationally Standardized Denver II Test. This is a study with a quantitative approach of descriptive-transversal character. A total of 42 children aged 18-36 months were recruited to attend the Denver II test in Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas Children's Center in Ecuador. Children with severe pathologies with impediment to answer the form due to deficiency in their physical and mental capacity were excluded. Through the scores obtained by the application of the Denver test, it was observed that the deficit in the Personal-Social Area occurs more in boys (20%) than in girls (5%). In the Fine Motor Skill Area, the deficit occurs in both boys (10%) and girls (9%). In the Language Area it was observed that there is a significant retardation: it was more present in boys (35%) than in girls (18%). It was also observed that the deficit in the Gross Motor Area is higher in boys (15%) than in girls (5%). It is significant the high frequency of deficits shown in psychomotor development in the population evaluated, especially in the language area. Early stimulation and parenting patterns are recommended to improve language development and the performance of children in other areas.

Palabras clave : Child Development; Physical Stimulation; Psychomotor Performance.

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