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Anales de Investigación en Arquitectura

versión impresa ISSN 2301-1505versión On-line ISSN 2301-1513


MEDERO, Santiago. Architecture, territory and governmentality: The case of public hospitals in the first decades of the 20th century in Uruguay. An. Investig. Arquit. [online]. 2021, vol.11, n.2, e304.  Epub 01-Dic-2021. ISSN 2301-1505.

In the first decades of the country's independence, architecture did not exist as a modern profession and its knowledge was dispersed in various occupations and traditions. It is argued here that the process of professionalization in a national key is intimately associated with the centralized territorial control by the State that is consolidated after the last great civil war, in 1904. Likewise, both the architectural profession and the State are conceptualized as a process of continuous construction whose purpose is government (governmentality in Foucault's conception). In this sense, architecture offers the State a series of disciplinary tools that make up the sense of its professional jurisdiction and distinguish it from other knowledge and occupations.

The realization of public hospitals in the interior of the republic in the first decades of the 20th century shows all these processes and even more: it shows that the profession system is not only regulated by the jurisdictional struggle, but also has a significant degree of complementarity. Indeed, medicine and architecture were part of an alliance that was built as part of the same governmentality process carried out by the National Public Assistance from 1910.

Palabras clave : State architecture; system of professions; territory; governmentality; power; hospitals; social hygiene movement; Uruguay.

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