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Anales de la Facultad de Medicina

On-line version ISSN 2301-1254


ROMERO-REVERON., Rafael. George W. Crile (1864-1943); exceptional American surgeon. Anfamed [online]. 2023, vol.10, n.2, e501.  Epub Dec 01, 2023. ISSN 2301-1254.

George W. Crile (1864-1943) was an exceptional American surgeon who served in the Army Medical Corps during the Spanish-American War. During the First World War, he was surgical director of the American Ambulance Hospital in Neuilly, France. He helped found the American College of Surgeons in 1913 and was a member and director not only of this organization, but also of the American Medical Association, the American Surgical Association, the Royal Academy of Surgeons and the Royal Academy of Medicine (UK). In 1921, he co-founded the Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland, Ohio, USA. He was an important physician whose research and writings included surgical shock, glandular function, blood pressure and transfusions, war neurosis and the effects of wartime surgery. He was also an extraordinary and prolific surgeon who introduced innovations in the surgical treatment of many pathologies. Although his research was published long ago, his contributions to medicine remain fundamental to clinical practice in today's operating rooms and intensive care units.

Keywords : George W. Crile; Cleveland Clinic; surgery; Crile clamp; blood transfusion..

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