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Anales de la Facultad de Medicina

On-line version ISSN 2301-1254


TORTEROLO, Pablo; BENEDETTO, Luciana; COPIZ, Noelia  and  PEYROU, Santiago. Sleep quality in Uruguay at the beginning of the pandemic. Anfamed [online]. 2023, vol.10, n.2, e201.  Epub Dec 01, 2023. ISSN 2301-1254.

The year 2020 will be remembered for the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has generated tragic consequences for personal and social health. In addition to deaths, infections and the fear of these, social interaction was considerably reduced due to confinement. Studies carried out in different countries showed that the pandemic has generated significant sleep disorders. With the aim of exploring whether the pandemic affected the sleep of Uruguayans, from May 16 to 20, 2020, an anonymous survey was carried out via the Web, to residents over 18 years of age in Uruguay (n = 1137). This consisted of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), which is the most widely used self-administered questionnaire for this purpose. The PSQI explores 7 dimensions of sleep (subjective quality, latency, duration, efficiency, disturbances, medication, and daytime dysfunction), with a score range from 0 to 21 (higher score, lower sleep quality), where an ICSP greater than 5 it is considered a poor quality of sleep. The results showed that the average ICSP was 7.4 ± 4.0, with 63% of the respondents presenting an ICSP > 5. The ICSP was higher in women (8.2 ± 4.0) than in men (6.4 ± 3.8, P < 0.001). The ICSP, together with other parameters collected, suggest that residents of Uruguay had poor sleep quality at the beginning of the pandemic.

Keywords : sleep; rest; COVID; SARS; insomnia; PSQI.

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