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Anales de la Facultad de Medicina

On-line version ISSN 2301-1254


DORELO, Rodrigo; MENDEZ, Daniela; ORICCHIO, Martín  and  OLANO, Carolina. Anemia and digestive diseases. Anfamed [online]. 2021, vol.8, n.1, e301.  Epub June 01, 2021. ISSN 2301-1254.

More and more patients diagnosed with anemia are referred to the gastroenterologist for evaluation. The need to carry out an adequate clinical approach and a correct interpretation of diagnostic tests has motivated this review.

Several digestive diseases frequently lead to anemia because of blood loss, inflammation, malabsorption, or drug therapies. In some of them such as cirrhosis, IBD or neoplasms, the etiology is multifactorial.

This review is intended to provide a useful approach to clinical practice. To this aim, updated information on the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of anemia related to digestive diseases has been reviewed, and tables and algorithms have been built to favor its understanding.

Keywords : anemia; iron deficiency; gastrointestinal tract; digestive bleeding.

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