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Anales de la Facultad de Medicina

On-line version ISSN 2301-1254


FILIPPINI IRAZUN, Juan Pedro  and  MACHAIN, Sebastián. Therapeutic Management of the Posterior Malleolus in Trimaleolar Ankle Fractures. Review. Anfamed [online]. 2020, vol.7, n.1, e308.  Epub June 01, 2020. ISSN 2301-1254.


The therapeutic management of posterior malleolus fractures in trimaleolar ankle fractures continues in debate. Our objective was to conduct a search for scientific evidence on the therapeutic aspects of posterior malleolus fractures in the context of trimaleolar fractures.

Materials and methods:

A review systematic of the literature was carried out by two reviewers, focusing on the therapeutic management of the posterior malleolus.


16 clinical articles were obtained with a total of 1029 patients, 8 studies level of evidence II and 8 studies level IV. The surgical indications were systematized, and the functional results and complications were analyzed.


The patho-anatomical understanding of these fractures is increasing every day, mainly due to the usual use of CT scans. Surgical treatment on the posterior malleolus shows good and excellent functional results. For an adequate therapeutic decision certain factors should be taken into account: tibiotalar and syndesmotic instability, joint congruence and morphological characteristics of the posterior malleolus. Open reduction and internal fixation with support plate is the treatment that has shown better results in the short and medium term, not finding studies with long-term follow-up.

Keywords : Ankle Fractures (Mesh); Fractures Fixation (Mesh); Posterior Malleolus; Posterior Malleolar Fractures; Trimalleolar Fractures; Internal Fixation..

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