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Anales de la Facultad de Medicina

On-line version ISSN 2301-1254

Abstract

DELFINO, Marcos et al. Hemoglobin Screening Test in a Population of Infants. Anfamed [online]. 2019, vol.6, n.2, pp.35-44.  Epub Dec 01, 2019. ISSN 2301-1254.  http://dx.doi.org/10.25184/anfamed2019v6n2a2.

Iron deficiency is the most frequent cause of anemia in pediatrics. Its early detection, correct treatment and adequate prophylaxis, constitute a health priority in our country. Objective: Describe the hemoglobin screening performed in infants aged between 8 and 12 months, users of a pediatric care center from Montevideo, in the period covered between May 2 and October 31, 2015 and evaluate factors of Risk of iron deficiency anemia present.

Their clinical histories were reviewed, including epidemiological data, perinatal records, and diet received and if they received adequate iron supplementation. It was recorded if the hemoglobin measurement had been performed by digital puncture and the measured value. The prevalence of risk factors among children with and without anemia was compared.

In the evaluated period, 62 children were assisted: 3 preterm subjects of 34 weeks or less; 15 birth weight less than 3,000 grams; 42 exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months; 54 adequate complementary feeding; 45 iron supplementation. The hemoglobin was measured by digital puncture to 55 children. 28 of them had anemia (82 % mild). No association of anemia was found with the risk factors studied except compliance with prophylaxis with iron supplementation. We conclude that the prevalence of anemia in this group was high and that iron supplementation is important for its prevention.

Keywords : Anemia; Iron Deficiency; Prophylaxis; Iron; Infants..

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