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Anales de la Facultad de Medicina

On-line version ISSN 2301-1254

Abstract

CAMEJO MARTINEZ, Natalia et al. Surveys on Prevention of Breast Cancer in a Population of Uruguayan Women. Anfamed [online]. 2018, vol.5, n.2, pp.63-74. ISSN 2301-1254.  http://dx.doi.org/10.25184/anfamed2018v5n2a6.

Breast cancer ranks first in incidence and mortality in Uruguay. The knowledge of the distribution of risk factors related to the development of the disease facilitates the incorporation of prevention strategies in routine clinical practice, which could contribute to lower morbidity and mortality rates. Objectives: to know the epidemiological profile for breast cancer and the frequency of mammographic control in the surveyed population.

Material and Methods: A survey was applied to Uruguayan women. After the same, they were given information about the risk and protective factors and the importance of performing mammographic control.

Results: 182 respondents were included; the median age was 34 years (18-75 years). Excluding the female sex (risk factor present in all respondents), 73 respondents (48%) had one or more risk factors. The majority of women older than 50 years (58; 87.8%), performed mammographic control at least biannually.

Conclusions: Consistent with what was reported by the National Breast Cancer Program, 40% of the respondents had some risk factor. The majority of respondents over 50 years of age performed mammographic and clinical control at least bi-annually. Although, due to the characteristics of the work, we can only draw conclusions about the women included, the data collected allow us to better understand the epidemiological profile of the Uruguayan population, which can contribute to prevention practices.

Keywords : breast cancer; risk factors; prevention.

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