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Odontoestomatología

versão impressa ISSN 0797-0374versão On-line ISSN 1688-9339

Resumo

QUINTO ARGOTE, Antony; RODRIGUEZ OLIVOS, Lourdes; GRADOS POMARINO, Sixto  e  CASTRO-RODRIGUEZ, Yuri. Variations in heart rate, body temperature and blood pressure in patients undergoing dental implant surgery. Odontoestomatología [online]. 2020, vol.22, n.36, pp.65-73.  Epub 01-Dez-2020. ISSN 0797-0374.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22592/ode2020n36a8.

Objective:

To determine the variations in heart rate, blood pressure and temperature in patients undergoing dental implant surgery.

Methods:

Series of clinical cases that included 26 patients aged 20 to 60 and treated at the Naval Medical Center “Cirujano Mayor Santiago Távara” (Lima, Peru). The temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure were recorded five minutes before implant surgery, five minutes after local anesthesia, and five minutes after surgery. A digital thermometer and a digital wrist monitor were used to take measurements.

Results:

Body temperature in the preoperative period was 36.9 ± 0.3 °C, while in the intra- and postoperative phase, it was 36.7 ± 0.07 °C (p>0.05). The heart rate increased in the intraoperative period (80.3 ± 8 beats/min) and was restored in the postoperative period (72.5 ± 7.4 beats/min) (p<0.05). The mean arterial pressure in the intraoperative period and on average was 100.14 ± 6.35 mmHg, while in the postoperative phase, it was 93.97 ± 7.57 mmHg (p<0.05).

Conclusion:

The main variations were found from the intraoperative to the postoperative moment in terms of heart rate, mean, systolic, and diastolic blood pressure. Therefore, these are relevant parameters for clinical consideration.

Palavras-chave : blood pressure; heart rate; body temperature; dental implants.

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