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Odontoestomatología

versão impressa ISSN 0797-0374versão On-line ISSN 1688-9339

Resumo

TECHERA, Adriana; VILLAMONTE, Gretel; PARDO, Laura  e  JORDI, María del Carmen López. Comparison of the oral health status of diabetic and non-diabetic Uruguayan children aged 8-12. Odontoestomatología [online]. 2018, vol.20, n.32, pp.84-91. ISSN 0797-0374.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22592/ode2018n32a11.

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disorder that affects oral health; there are no data in Uruguay.

Objective:

To compare the oral health status of diabetic and non-diabetic children.

Method:

Observational, analytical case-control study where 86 children were evaluated and divided into two groups: DM1 Group, diabetic children aged 8-12 who go to Pereira Rossell Hospital Center without other systemic diseases and with no orthodontic treatment; Control group (CG): non-diabetic children in the same age group with public health care coverage, non-medicated and without orthodontic treatment. Variables: biofilm, dental caries, gingival bleeding.

Results:

Biofilm was present in all subjects. O’Leary Index: DM1=71.48 and CG=89.81. Bleeding on probing: DM1=76.7% and CG=60.7% (GBI averages are 5.57 and 2.36 respectively and GBI mean: DM1=3.65 and CG=1.04. Caries: DM1=40.0% and CG=28.6% (DMFT average: DM1=1.223 and CG=1.0357).

Conclusions:

We found significant statistical differences in bleeding index between diabetic and non-diabetic subjects (Mann & Whitney test) but not in the caries variables. These results allow for a comparison with international studies.

Palavras-chave : diabetes mellitus; oral health; prevalence; dental indexes..

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