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Odontoestomatología

versión impresa ISSN 0797-0374versión On-line ISSN 1688-9339

Resumen

CAVIGLIA, Inés; TECHERA, Adriana  y  GARCIA, Graciela. Antimicrobial therapies for odontogenic infections in children and adolescents. Odontoestomatología [online]. 2016, vol.18, n.27, pp.4-15. ISSN 0797-0374.

Oral infections are caused by an imbalance in the patient’s indigenous flora which changes from commensal to opportunistic. Odontogenic infections are the most common reason for consultation in children and adolescents. Rational use of antibiotics is the best strategy to avoid microbial resistance. Dental infections should first receive proper local treatment, which can also be complemented with a systemic method. Appropriate drug selection and dosing should be made. Amoxicilin is the first choice for antimicrobial agents in pediatric dentistry. Clindamycin and clarithromycin are the best alternative for patients with penicillin hypersensibility. In this literature review, the authors intended to establish clear clinical management guidelines for emergency treatment and subsequent final resolution

Palabras clave : Antibiotics; microbial drug resistance; dental focal infection; children and adolescents.

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