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Odontoestomatología

On-line version ISSN 1688-9339

Abstract

CASNATI, Beatriz et al. Prevalence and risk indicators of oral mucosal lesions in an urban population from Uruguay. Odontoestomatología [online]. 2013, vol.15, n.spe, pp.58-67. ISSN 1688-9339.

Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions and identify the risk factors for its occurrence, in an urban adult population from Uruguay. Methods: This cross-sectional study selected 922 subjects (537 F/385M, age 15-24, 35 -44 y 65-74 years old) using a multistage probability sampling strategy. Prevalence and confidence intervals (95%) were calculated accounting for the survey design. Results: Candidosis and proliferative lesions were observed in 26% and 17% of the subjects. This lesions were significantly associated with female gender. The prevalence of leukoplakia was 7% and in the multivariable analysis this lesion was significantly associated with yerba mate consumption. Conclusions: Oral mucosal lesions are present in elderly people in Uruguay, suggesting the need for improved standards of prevention, diagnostic and opportune treatment for these lesions.

Keywords : oral mucosa; oral lesions; cross sectional study; epidemiology.

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