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Odontoestomatología

versión On-line ISSN 1688-9339

Resumen

FIGUEIREDO, Márcia Cançado et al. Relationship between chronic diseases and oral health-disease in Brazilian adults of low socioeconomic status. Odontoestomatología [online]. 2013, vol.15, n.21, pp.20-29. ISSN 1688-9339.

This work consisted of a prevalence study, cross-sectional analytical observation, made in the neighborhood Figueirinha, in the municipality of Xangri-La, located on the northern coast of the Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. Objective was to survey the oral health conditions of adult inhabitants registered as Figueirinha’s Family Health Program patients who have diabetes mellitus, hypertension, or both diseases. Another objective was to check for any correlation between health and mouth’s diseases. Material and Methods: Data were collected from 218 adult inhabitants, of which 35 were registered in Hiperdia Program of the Figueirinha’s Family Health Program as having systemic diseases mentioned above. For the assessment of oral health status the presence of plaque, gingival bleeding and DMFT (decayed, missing and filled) were evaluated. Results: Of the 218 adult inhabitants, 11.5% were hypertensive, 2.3% had diabetes mellitus and 2.3% carried both diseases. 67.9% had plaque and 58.7% gingival bleeding. A statistically positive correlation was verified between the number of tooth loss, hypertension and diabetes mellitus, with a significant result (p ≥ 0.015). Conclusions: It is vital that people living with systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension are integrated to a health promotion program that takes into account their specific needs for maintaining oral health

Palabras clave : Diabetes mellitus; Oral health.

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