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Odontoestomatología

versión On-line ISSN 1688-9339

Resumen

LORENZO, Susana  y  ALVAREZ, Ramón. Prevalencia de caries en escolares de 2 años de diferente nivel socioeconómico Montevideo, Uruguay, 2003. Odontoestomatología [online]. 2009, vol.11, n.13, pp.27-36. ISSN 1688-9339.

Dental caries and its socioepidemiologic profile was studied. Main were: to describe and analyze caries prevalence for 12 years old public schoolchildren from different socioeconomic strata (SES), to study the relatioship between some socio-cultural factors and caries, to test the discriminatory power of the Significant Index of Caries and to study the relationship between caries and the social class the children belong to. Methodology:  a pilot cross sectional survey was carried out, data were collected from three zones of Montevideo city with different socioeconomic environment. almost 50% of the children were caries free but the frequency distribution of DMFT asymmetric. High and medium Socio-economic strata (SES) behave as a unit (Chi Squared test, p<0.001). The proportion of caries free children was 60% for medium and high SES and 11% for low SES. MeanDMFTwas 1.5 but it varies from0.9 to 2.5 according to SES ( X2p<0.05) DMFT frequency distribution was not normal (Gaussian) but "skewed to the right". Both parents' occupation and sweet "mate" intake were found to be associated with caries (Chi Squared test p<0.001). multilevel health promotion strategy, common risk and multidisciplinary approach are recommended

Palabras clave : caries; public schools; 12 years; socioeconomic status; mate.

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