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Psicología, Conocimiento y Sociedad

On-line version ISSN 1688-7026


BARROS, Mary et al. Personality assessment and outcomes in smoking cessation. Psicol. Conoc. Soc. [online]. 2021, vol.11, n.3, pp.5-25.  Epub Dec 01, 2021. ISSN 1688-7026.

Introduction: The smoking cessation results are unsatisfactory, less than 30% a year after the end of treatment. There is insufficient evidence on the relationship between the Level of Personality Functioning (LPF) and cessation. The LPF Scale (LPFS) of the Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5ed. that evaluates personality in relation to yourself and others, through four domains, could be useful in predicting and improving outcomes. Objectives: To assess the association between LPF and abstinence at the end of treatment and at 6 months. Methodology: Longitudinal and analytical study of a non-probability sample of patients who consulted in a Cessation Unit. The chi2 test or Fisher's exact test was applied to evaluate the association of categorical variables. LPF was evaluated with the LPFS and degree of nicotine dependence with the Fagerström Test. Results: 28 patients participated, 57% women, average age 48 years (± 12.3). 16 of 28 stopped, of them 14 had low scores in the LPFS, corresponding to better LPF. A less alteration in the LPF, greater cessation at the end of the treatment. Regarding the domains, the association was found with identity, self-direction and empathy with cessation but not with intimacy. Most of the patients with tobacco-dependent diseases who presented LPF disorder did not quit. Conclusions: Patients without LPF disorders are more likely to achieve cessation and remain abstinent. This assumes the utility of evaluating the LPF to predict cessation outcomes.

Keywords : Smoking; level of personality functioning; cessation.

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