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Revista Uruguaya de Ciencia Política

versión impresa ISSN 0797-9789versión On-line ISSN 1688-499X


NEGRETTO, Gabriel L.. The reform of presidentialism in Latin America. Towards a hybrid model. Rev. Urug. Cienc. Polít. [online]. 2018, vol.27, n.1, pp.131-151. ISSN 0797-9789.

This article analyzes the constitutional changes that have altered the power of presidents in Latin America between 1978 and 2014. It argues that reform trends in this matter have moved in opposite directions. Rules that reduce the likelihood that the president will have majority support in Congress have been incorporated, along with other rules that increase the president’s power to negotiate with legislators. On the other hand, while many reforms are aimed at strengthening the capacity of the Congress to supervise the governing powers of the Executive, other reforms that concentrate Legislative Power in the hands of the president were adopted. In this hybrid design, the adopted reforms coexist in tension and have a contradictory impact on the real power of the presidents, in such a way that it is as incorrect to speak of an advance of hyperpresidentialism as of a systematic reduction of the power of the presidents in all its dimensions.

Palabras clave : presidential power; separation of powers; constitutional reform; Latin America.

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