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Veterinaria (Montevideo)

versión impresa ISSN 0376-4362versión On-line ISSN 1688-4809


INVERNIZZI, Ciro et al. Situación sanitaria de las abejas melíferas en Uruguay: novedades de la última década. Veterinaria (Montev.) [online]. 2022, vol.58, n.217, e302.  Epub 01-Jun-2022. ISSN 0376-4362.

In recent years, beekeeping industry in Uruguay faces low honey production yields and annual colony losses that can reach 30%, and health problems are involved in much of this situation. Worldwide, research on the factors that threaten honey bee populations has expanded, encompassing nutritional problems, the immune response, the intestinal microbiota, identification of new pathogens or its variants, the effect of agrochemicals, and other insects that share pathogens with honey bees. Regarding varroosis, research has focused on the populations of bees surviving Varroa destructor. In Uruguay, research on the health of honey bees in the last 10 years has been very prolific, addressing a good part of the aforementioned issues taking into account the particular conditions that the country presents. This review on the health situation of honey bees in Uruguay focuses on the results of national research on the most prevalent parasitosis and virosis, the identification of a new parasite, the effect of nutrition and the herbicide glyphosate on the intestinal microbiota and on the health, the study of parasites and viruses of honey bees present in native bumblebees of the genus Bombus, and the description of the country-specific disease (River disease). The importance of the diverse results for national beekeeping is highlighted and put in context with recent international information.

Palabras clave : Varroa destructor; Nosema ceranae; Virus; Nutrition; Microbiota.

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