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Veterinaria (Montevideo)

Print version ISSN 0376-4362On-line version ISSN 1688-4809


SILVEIRA, Caroline da Silva et al. Detection of Tritrichomonas foetus by PCR in preputial smegma of bulls in Uruguay. Veterinaria (Montev.) [online]. 2020, vol.56, n.213, e404.  Epub June 01, 2020. ISSN 0376-4362.

Bovine trichomoniasis is a venereal disease caused by Tritrichomonas foetus. It is responsible for economic losses worldwide, causing mainly infertility and abortion in cows and heifers. The diagnosis of this disease is mainly based on microbiological culture and on molecular testing. In Uruguay the parasite has not been reported since 2005. The aim of this study is to report the detection of T. foetus by PCR in preputial smegma from bulls from dairy and beef Uruguayan farms. A total of 310 smegma samples, 121 from dairy-production-bulls and 189 from meat-production-bulls, were sampled. Animals came from 56 farms distributed within 12 different departments of Uruguay. While, the PCR analysis of preputial smegma identified 2.25% (7/310) positive for T. foetus, no culture-positive samples were detected. The parasite was detected in 5% (6/121) of the sampled bulls for dairy production, these six animals were from the same dairy farm. Tritrichomonas foetus was only detected in one out of 189 animals from beef production. This study showed that 3.4% (1/29) and 3.1% (1/32) of beef and dairy farms respectively, were positive for T. foetus infection. PCR is advantageous over culture; therefore, it is an efficient and quick method for the detection of T. foetus in preputial samples. The results of this work suggest that the parasite detection may be underestimated due to the use of only culture-based diagnostics.

Keywords : Venereal disease; PCR; Bovine trichomoniasis; Tritrichomonas foetus; Uruguay.

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