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Archivos de Medicina Interna

Print version ISSN 0250-3816On-line version ISSN 1688-423X


BROLI, Fabiana; ARBELO, Virginia; PERENDONES, Mercedes  and  DUFRECHOU, Carlos. Aspects of clinical epidemiological interest in respiratory infections in HIV/AIDS patients. Arch. Med Int [online]. 2014, vol.36, n. 1, pp.3-6. ISSN 0250-3816.

The increased incidence of HIV- AIDS disease globally and nationally, justifies an exhaustive study of this subject. Objective: To describe the epidemiology of respiratory infections in this population, determine the hospital stay, the etiology and identify factors related to morbidity: degree of immunosuppression, germs, antiretroviral therapy and association with toxic habits and income to CTI . We analyzed medical records of HIV/AIDS patients with respiratory infection Medicine Service in August/2011-january/2008 period. Methodology: A descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional, observational study. Conclusions: respiratory infectious disease is the leading cause of hospitalization in these patients. Predominate germs opportunistic infections. As for the most common opportunistic pathogens was Pneumocystis jirovecii (PCj), standing second BK infection. The hospital stay and mortality was greater than the HIV population admitted for other causes. These patients are admitted to an advanced stage of the disease with severe immunosuppression, with a high rate of opportunistic infections and a low number under treatment with HAART. All this supports that in this population has not yet produced the current epidemiological shift in developed countries.

Keywords : Respiratory infection; HIV.

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