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Ciencias Psicológicas

Print version ISSN 1688-4094On-line version ISSN 1688-4221


DE ANDRADE, Alexsandro Luiz et al. Relational models and work-family conflict: a study with samples from Brazil and the United States of America. Cienc. Psicol. [online]. 2018, vol.12, n.2, pp.167-176. ISSN 1688-4094.

Attachment theory seeks to understand how emotional bonds can affect different aspects of people’s lives across the continuum of life. This study aimed at comprehending how patterns of anxious and avoidant attachment explain two dimensions of the work-family conflict construct, work interference with family (WIF) and family interference with work (FIW). To achieve this, data were collected through a survey with samples from Brazil and the United States of America. The sample included 676 people older than 18 years old - 369 participants were from Brazil and 307 were from the USA. Results demonstrated that the anxious pattern of attachment relates to and predicts both dimensions of the work-family conflict. On the other hand, avoidant attachment was an explanatory variable for only for participants from the United States. These results accentuate scientific investigation of attachments constructs’ importance and its interactions within work and family demands

Keywords : work-family conflict; attachment theory; transcultural study; attachment style; brief attachment questionnaire.

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