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Ciencias Psicológicas

Print version ISSN 1688-4094On-line version ISSN 1688-4221

Abstract

VON HAGEN, Alexa; CUADRO, Ariel  and  GILOCA, Valeria. THE CONSTRUCTION OF MATH FACTS: INFLUENCE OF THE STUDENT’S SEX, SCHOOL YEAR AND SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS. Cienc. Psicol. [online]. 2017, vol.11, n.1, pp.67-76. ISSN 1688-4094.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22235/cp.v11i2.1348.

Worldwide students from low socioeconomic status (SES) have been shown to present an academic disadvantage with respect to their mathematical abilities. In order to approach this problem, details of the characteristics in different school levels, students of different sex and different mathematical subskills are needed. To our knowledge, few studies have explored the interaction of these factors in the same sample of participants. Therefore, we aim to analyse the influence of SES and sex on the addition, subtraction and multiplication math facts (MF) skills of a sample of 619 primary school students from year 2 to 6. Besides confirming the socioeconomic disadvantage in all school years and in students of both sexes, our results reveal a higher performance of boys over girls only in medium to higher SES and in multiplication MF. Future research is needed to investigate this unexpected result.

Keywords : math computation; math facts; sex; socioeconomic status.

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