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Ciencias Psicológicas

versão On-line ISSN 1688-4221

Resumo

BARG BELTRAME, Gabriel. NEUROBIOLOGICAL BASIS OF ATTACHMENT: A THEMATIC REVIEW. Cienc. Psicol. [online]. 2011, vol.5, n.1, pp.69-81. ISSN 1688-4221.

There Psychological attachment theory, originally formulated by Bowlby in the 1950s, has allowed to deepen the knowledge of the link mother-baby, identify their pathologies and evaluate their influence on adult affective relations. Currently, numerous advances in the field of neuroscience offer the possibility of understanding the biological dimension of the attachment. In this article, three models that explain aspects of it are reviewed: the evolutionary model of the affective system of Care of Panksepp, mediated mainly by the oxytocin, the system of hidden regulators of Hofer and Sullivan and epigenetics of stress regulation of Meaney. While these models arise from animal research, they have important implications for the study of human behavior, especially in the interaction between genetics, development and psychopathology

Palavras-chave : attachment; neurobiology; development; regulators; epigenetics.

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