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Ciencias Psicológicas

versão On-line ISSN 1688-4221


FERRERES, Aldo  e  LOPEZ, Cynthia Valeria. The phonological, surface and deep alexias in Spanish- speaking individuals and the double route models. Cienc. Psicol. [online]. 2009, vol.3, n.2, pp.161-176. ISSN 1688-4221.

A review of alexia’s cases in Spanish-speaking individuals whose characteristics fit with the deep, surface and phonological alexia syndromes, initially described with patients that were reading in “opaque” systems of writing (as French and English) is presented. These systems possess many words of irregular spelling that cannot be read loudly by procedures of conversion grapheme-phoneme and that justify, among other reasons, the formulation of the double route models of reading. Due to the argument regarding the transparency of the Spanish writing system, in which all the words can be read by the procedures of conversion grapheme-phoneme, not only the existence of the reading syndromes mentioned, in Spanish speakers has been questioned, but also the relevancy of the double route models that explain them (Ardila 1991, 1998). The present study provides with empirical evidence to support the applicability of the mentioned typology, and the explanatory power of the double route models of reading for Spanish-speaking patients

Palavras-chave : alexia; acquired dyslexia; phonological alexia; surface alexia; deep alexia; Spanish-speaking individuals; semantic paralexias.

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