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Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay

Print version ISSN 0004-0584On-line version ISSN 1688-1249


DELFINO, Marcos et al. Risk and protective factors of suicidal behavior in adolescents. First Public Primary Care Survey (December 2016 - September 2017). Arch. Pediatr. Urug. [online]. 2022, vol.93, n.2, e206.  Epub Dec 01, 2022. ISSN 0004-0584.


self-harm (SH) and suicide have increased in adolescents, and they have become a high health priority.


to establish the epidemiology and its relationship with risk factors (RF) and protection (PF) of suicidal behavior in users of a Primary Care Adolescent Center of the State Health Sector (December 2016 - September 2017).

Materials and methods:

confidential survey of adolescents of both sexes, between 12 and 19 years of age. We carried out a descriptive analysis in order to compare RF and PF between ages (12 to 14 and 15 to 19); sex; previous SH self-harm versus its absence and institutionalization or not. p less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Data were entered into Excel and analyzed using Epi Info


107 interviewees, 60 females, age: 13.3 (mean); Most frequent previous SH between 15 and 19 years and female sex (p <0.05); 21 were institutionalized (19.6%). Without prior SH 94 (87.9%) and 13 (12.1%) at least one. Of the 13 with prior SH, 7 (53.8%) institutionalized (p <0.05 CI> 95%). PF p <0.05 CI> 95 %: recreational activity, high self-esteem, and good problem-solving skills. RF p <0.05 CI> 95 %: child abuse, sexual abuse, death of a loved one, substance use and mental illness. Comparing ages, PF: close family, projects and friends (p <0.05 CI> 95%); RF: substance use, mental illness, child abuse, sexual abuse, family with mental illness, death of loved one, sleep disorder, institutionalization, suicidal ideation and suicidal planning (p <0.05 CI> 95%). When comparing sexes, PF were not found p <0.05; family member with mental disease p <0.05 CI> 95% as RF.


recreational activities should be encouraged in adolescents and Mental Health assistance should be provided to those who present RF of suicidal behavior.

Keywords : Suicide; Depression; Adolescent; Risk factors.

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