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Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay

Print version ISSN 0004-0584On-line version ISSN 1688-1249


IBARRA, Luis; GATO, Paola; PARDO, Lorena  and  GIACHETTO, Gustavo. Use of macrolides in children hospitalized in Intensive and Moderate Care Units in 2018. Arch. Pediatr. Urug. [online]. 2022, vol.93, n.1, e201.  Epub June 01, 2022. ISSN 0004-0584.


literature has described a global increase in the prescription of macrolides to children and adolescents , which has increased the risk of emergence of resistant strains.


to characterize the use of macrolides in children from 1 month to 14 years of age hospitalized at the moderate and intensive care units of the Pereira Rossell Pediatric Hospital Center (HP-CHPR).


descriptive cross-sectional study of hospitalized children treated with macrolides at the HP-CHPR in 2018. Variables: macrolide type, treatment duration, microbiological studies and findings, and diagnosis at discharge.


334 children received macrolides, median age 13 months, 58.4% males. 71.0% hospitalized atnan Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Clarithromycin was mainly prescribed in 72.8% of the cases, during the last two quarters of the year (77.5%), due to respiratory disease (94%): bronchiolitis (23.3%), lower respiratory tract unspecified acute infection (21.9%) and asthma crisis (19.1%). Median treatment included Azithromycin and Clarithromycin for 5 and 8 days respectively. Microbiological studies were carried out in 96.1% of the cases and 58.3% did not show the presence of microorganisms.


the use of macrolides stands out, mainly at ICUs and due to respiratory pathologies. The main problems identified were prescriptions made outside the framework of the present national recommendations and the low microbiological confirmation for their use, which suggests it is essential to set strategies to promote a more rational use of these antibiotics.

Keywords : Macrolides; Respiratory tract infections; Hospitalized child.

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