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Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay

Print version ISSN 0004-0584On-line version ISSN 1688-1249

Abstract

CANTIRAN, Krystel; TELECHEA, Héctor  and  MENCHACA, Amanda. Central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections in a pediatric intensive care unit. Arch. Pediatr. Urug. [online]. 2019, vol.90, n.2, pp.57-62. ISSN 0004-0584.  http://dx.doi.org/10.31134/ap.90.2.2.

Introduction:

catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is the most frequent hospital infection in pediatric intensive care units and it is the most common cause of hospital bacteremia.

Objective:

calculate the incidence of catheter-related bloodstream infection in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of the Pereira Rossell Children Hospital.

Methods:

we carried out a retrospective and descriptive study as of June 1st, 2016 and until 1000 days of catheterization. We included all children hospitalized in the pediatric intensive care unit who had a central catheter inserted. Clinical data was obtained from their Health Medical Records.

Results:

117 children participated in the study. They received a total of 134 central catheters during 1028 catheterization days. Only one case of catheter-related bloodstream infection was reported from a peripheral inserted central venous catheter. The catheter-related incidence density was of 0.97 cases per 1000 catheterization days.

Conclusions:

the catheter-related incidence of bloodstream infection in pediatric ICUs is lower than the levels reported in 2010 and in 2013.

Keywords : Bacteremia; Central venous catheters; Incidence; Pediatric intensive care units.

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