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vol.89 suppl.1Overweight and obesity in school-age children and their risk factorsFecal calprotectin levels in healthy children younger than 4 years old author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay

Print version ISSN 0004-0584On-line version ISSN 1688-1249


MACHADO, Karina et al. Soft drink consumption in 4th graders and its relationship with overweight and obesity. Arch. Pediatr. Urug. [online]. 2018, vol.89, suppl.1, pp.26-33. ISSN 0004-0584.


overweight and obesity is a highly prevalent problem in children in Uruguay. Frequent soft drinks consumption may be one of its determining factors.


to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity in school children and to evaluate their relation with the consumption of certain drinks.

Material and methods:

descriptive, cross-sectional, multicenter study, including 4th graders from public schools from Montevideo, Libertad and San José de Mayo cities. A survey was conducted on frequency of consumption of: water, dairy products and soft drinks. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was described and the nutritional status was related to the frequency of consumption of the different drinks.


464 children were included in the study; 131 were overweight (28.2%) and 66 (14.2%) obese. Water was occasionally consumed by 10.1% of children, frequently by 14.0% and very frequent by 75.9%. Dairy products were occasional consumed by 11.4%, frequent by 12.9% and very frequently by 75.6%. Soft drinks were occasionally consumed by 41.8% of children, frequently by 33.6% and very frequently by 24.6%. Drink consumption was not associated to a higher prevalence of overweight/obesity.


the prevalence of overweight/obesity in the studied population was high. A significant percentage of children met the recommendations for water and dairy consumption. A high proportion of children consumed soft drinks frequently. Although there was no association between the consumption of soft drinks and the development of overweight/obesity, it is very important to reinforce on the importance of adopting good eating habits, and to work on correcting inappropriate ones, what will contribute to the prevention of the disease.

Keywords : Overweight; Obesity; Water; Dairy products; Carbonated beverages.

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