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Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay

versión impresa ISSN 0004-0584versión On-line ISSN 1688-1249

Resumen

CABRERA, Fiorella et al. Children enteroparasitosis in Centers for Child and Family Care (CAIF) in Casavalle neighborhood, Montevideo. Arch. Pediatr. Urug. [online]. 2017, vol.88, n.6, pp.315-321. ISSN 0004-0584.  http://dx.doi.org/10.31134/ap.88.6.3.

Enteroparasitosis are diseases of the digestive tract caused by protozoan, fungi and/or helminths. They mainly affect children under unfavorable socio-economic conditions, and they may have an impact on growth and development. Coproparasitary tests and Graham technique tests were performed to children between 6 months and five years old from March to December 2015, with the purpose of generating knowledge on the prevalence of enteroparasitosis in children seen in two Centers for Child and Family Care (CAIF) in Casavalle neighborhood, in the area of influence of the Los Angeles Polyclinics (Montevideo). The results of the tests were given to participants, the reference health care centers and the authorities in the area. Subsequently, activities geared to training and raising awareness on parasitosis were organized, providing information for prophylactic purposes. Children whose results were positive were treated in the polyclinic or referred for treatment. 577 children were registered in the institution and 317 of them (54.9%) participated in the project, all of whom underwent coproparasitary and Graham technique tests. 97 children were positive (30.6%), 22 of which were poliparasitized (6.9%). The most frequently found agents were Giardia lamblia (18.6%), Ascaris lumbricoides (6.6%) and Enterobius vermicularis (5.7%). Three mechanisms of transmission with oral entry route were evidenced: fecal contamination, contact with the soil and direct transmission, so efforts are needed to improve personal hygiene habits, epidemiological surveillance with georeferencing and actions aimed at improving environmental health and sanitation.

Palabras clave : Parasitic intestinal disease; Prevalence; Child day care centers; Preschool child.

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