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Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay

Print version ISSN 0004-0584On-line version ISSN 1688-1249

Abstract

MAS, Mariana; DALL’ORSO, Patricia; TORTORA, Soledad  and  PREGO, Javier. Pyrotechnics: severe hand lesions associated to the explosion of a certain device (megafirecrackers/superbombs). Arch. Pediatr. Urug. [online]. 2017, vol.88, n.5, pp.269-273. ISSN 0004-0584.

Introduction:

the use of fireworks and pyrotechnic devices are ways of public entertainment and celebration around the world. In Uruguay, they are more frequently used during summer-time in public and private events. Usage, import and sales are regulated by law. In summer 2014-2015 four children presented severe hand injuries caused by blasts, all of which occurred under similar conditions, shared the same injury mechanism and were linked to a specific device. In 2016 there were more children with similar lesions.

Objective:

to report a series of children with hand lesions caused by a certain type of pyrotechnic device with a pattern that was different from the one previously known.

Results:

n=6. All of them males 5 adolescents. The 6 children studied presented severe lesions in hands with amputation of 1 or several fingers, which resulted in aesthetic and functional sequelae.

Discussion:

devices with a high dose of gunpowder and their incorrect use are identified as factors associated to severe lesions. The Uruguayan Society of Pediatrics, the Pediatrics Emergency Department and the Ministry of Health, among other authorities, conducted a campaign to address this issue. The sale of this device is prohibited.

Conclusions:

the use of pyrotechnic devices with a high dose of gunpowder such as mega firecrackers or superbombs can result in severe hand lesions, mutilation and permanent sequelae. The handling of fireworks by children is not recommended. Fulfillment of updated regulations and the correct use of fireworks might contribute to diminishing these injuries.

Keywords : Pyrotechnics; Blast injuries; Hand injuries.

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