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Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay

Print version ISSN 0004-0584On-line version ISSN 1688-1249


DECIA, Mónica; TELECHEA, Héctor; FERNANDEZ, Nora  and  MENCHACA, Amanda. Incidence and etiology of invasive candidiasis in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of of the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center. Arch. Pediatr. Urug. [online]. 2017, vol.88, n.2, pp.72-77. ISSN 0004-0584.

Introduction: invasive infections by Candida strains have increased around the world in the last years. There are no epidemiological studies on invasive candidiasis (IC) in Uruguay. The study aimed to find out the incidence of IC in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) at the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center (CHPR). Method: a retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. Children hospitalized in PICU of the CHPR between 1/1/2009 and 1/6/2014 were included in the study. The medical records of patients who developed IC were identified based on mycological cultures. Invasive candidiasis was defined as the isolation of the fungus in a sterile site. Incidence and prevalence density were calculated. Cause for hospitalization and risk factors for IC were recorded. Results: six cases of IC were identified and the incidence was of 1.86/1000 hospitalized children in PICU. Isolation of Candida was done in blood cultures (n=3) and peritoneal fluid (n=3). The species of Candida isolated were C. albicans (n=3), C.parapsilosis (n=2) and C. tropicalis (n=1). Risk factors for IC were identified in the 6 cases. Use of invasive prosthesis and a wide spectrum antibiotics were identified in the 6 cases, as well as parenteral nutrition (n=5) and abdominal surgery (n=4). All isolations of Candida were sensitive to fluconazole. Antifungal empiric treatment was started in one case prior to the isolation of Candida. Four out of six children died. Discussion: the incidence of IC found was similar to that in another study in a PICU. Children who developed IC presented several risk factors for IC. The 6 isolations of Candida were sensitive to fluconazole. Analyzing the clinical features of these children will allow the identification of patients with high risk of IC and to timely initiate antifungal treatment. It is necessary to maintain a continuous surveillance on Candida species and their sensitivity pattern to antifungal medication.


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