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Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay

versión impresa ISSN 0004-0584versión On-line ISSN 1688-1249

Resumen

MACHADO, Karina; CHASCO, Claudia; FERNANDEZ, María Laura  y  MONTANO, Alicia. Epidemiological characteristics of children who presented with type I diabetes mellitus in the 2000-2010 period at the Pereira Rossell Hospital. Arch. Pediatr. Urug. [online]. 2016, vol.87, n.4, pp.308-314. ISSN 0004-0584.

Introduction: type I diabetes mellitus is one of the most prevalent non transmissible chronic diseases in children. Its incidence varies. The etiopathogenesis included genetic and environmental factors Objective: to describe the epidemiological characteristics of children who presented with Type I diabetes mellitus between 2000 and 2010 at the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center. Methods: retrospective study, that included children under 15 years old who presented with type I diabetes mellitus, who were seen at the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2009. The medical records were reviewed. Results: 183 patients were identified, who represented on average 1.3/1000 hospital discharges. The absolute number of cases and their relationship with the number of discharges varied. Patients had an average age of 7.3 upon debut of the disease. 54% were coming from the provinces, 98.6% were Caucasian, 67% presented with diabetic ketoacidosis. Prevalence was higher in winter. No perinatal precedents were identified, neither family history nor environment conditions different from or greater than the general population. Conclusions: the number of patients who presented with Type I diabetes mellitus seen at the Pereira Rossel Hospital varied, and an increase was seen between 2003 and 2005. A few epidemiological characteristics were similar to those described in the bibliography. No history was identified that could represent risk factors for the development of the disease. An important proportion of patients presented with a severe way that points out the need to promote education programs on diabetes.

Palabras clave : TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS; CHILD.

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