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Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay

Print version ISSN 0004-0584On-line version ISSN 1688-1249


MORAES, Mariana; GONZALEZ, Sebastián; GARCIA, Alicia  and  MENCHACA, Amanda. Tuberculous meningitis in an infant: Case report and literature review. Arch. Pediatr. Urug. [online]. 2016, vol.87, n.2, pp.137-142. ISSN 0004-0584.

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health problem worldwide. It is currently considered a re-emergent disease and its incidence in children is increasing. Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the most feared and deadly form of TB, being the younger children particularly susceptible to develop it. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are essential to improve outcomes. Empirical treatment in suspected cases without confirmatory tests must be initiated. We analyze the case of a 5 month old infant with typical TBM and poor outcome. We review the underlying pathophysiology and the current diagnostic and management recommendations.


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