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Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay

Print version ISSN 0004-0584On-line version ISSN 1688-1249

Abstract

MOROSINI, Fabiana et al. Impact of high flow nasal cannula oxygen in the management of acute respiratory failure in a Pediatric Emergency Department. Arch. Pediatr. Urug. [online]. 2016, vol.87, n.2, pp.87-94. ISSN 0004-0584.

Introduction: high flow nasal cannula oxygen (HFNC) has become a simple, easy to implement, non-expensive technique, without serious complications, to treat respiratory failure in lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). Its early implementation could improve outcome in these children. Objectives: to communicate the first experience with HFNC in children with LRTI in a Pediatric Emergency Department. To compare it with a historical cohort of children who did not receive HFNC. Methods: descriptive, prospective study (01/06/13-20/09/2013). Every child treated with HFNC in the Emergency Department -Pereira Rossell Hospital. Inclusion criteria: <2 years old with viral LRTI, respiratory failure and Tal score >8 or persistent ³7, persistent apnea, oxygen saturation <90% with O2 mask.  Exclusion criteria: pCO2>70 mmHg, pH<7.2, depression of consciousness, hemodynamic failure. Results: HFNC 36 children; median age 4 months; bronchiolitis 83%; VRS+ 58%. Destination HFNC patients: admission 78%, PICU 22%,  MV 22%. No complications, no deaths.. Historic cohort: 91 children with LRTI not treated with HFNC; PICU: 40(44%) vs HFNC (p=0.0005).  MV: historic cohort 30(33%) vs HFNC (p=0.026). Younger than 6 months: HFNCO MV 5(19%), historic cohort: 25(45%) (p=0.026). Conclusions: admission to PICU was prevented in a high number of patients. Need for MV in patients younger than 6 months with HFNC was significantly lower. The early application of HFNC in severe LRTI modified the treatment of these patients in the emergency department.

Keywords : OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY; RESPIRATORY TRACT     INFECTIONS; RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY; EMERGENCY TREATMENT.

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