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vol.83 issue4Ventilación no invasiva en menores de dos años internados en sala con infección respiratoria aguda baja.: Posibles factores predictivos de éxito y de fracaso author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay

On-line version ISSN 1688-1249


NOLI, Pablo et al. Infecciones respiratorias agudas bajas de causa viral en niños hospitalizados en el Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell.: Características clínicas y terapéuticas . Arch. Pediatr. Urug. [online]. 2012, vol.83, n.4, pp.250-256. ISSN 1688-1249.

Summary  Introduction: children hospitalized for acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in developing countries. Our country is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality postneonatal the leading cause of hospitalization. Epidemiological surveillance allows a better understanding of the disease and helps improve the quality of care. Objectives: to characterize the population of children admitted to the Paediatric Hospital Pereira Rossell Hospital Center (HP / CHPR) under Plan “Winter 2010", contribute to the epidemiological surveillance of ALRI in children under 2 years and provide evidence for the future planning and care strategies. Population and method: prospective longitudinal descriptive study that included all children younger than 2 years with a diagnosis of viral etiology ALRI admitted to the HP/ CHPR, between June 21 and October 6, 2010, which corresponds to the cold months our country. Results: 814 children to study under 2 years ALRI carriers which corresponded to half of children under 2 years admitted to hospital. Viral etiology was confirmed in 66% being the most common sincisial respiratory virus. In 8% non-invasive ventilation was used. 17% of patients required intensive care, of which 75% received ventilatory support. Four patients died. Conclusions: the viral ALRI were the leading cause of hospital admission. A high percentage of patients required ICU admission, which could be attributed to the severity of clinical presentation. It must be emphasized in the training of health staff and improve the availability of resources


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