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Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay

On-line version ISSN 1688-1249


VIETTRO, Andrea; MONTEVERDE, Nicolás  and  PINCHAK, Catalina. Características clínicas y etiológicas de la enfermedad diarreica aguda en niños menores de cinco años hospitalizados en el Hospital Central de las Fuerzas Armadas (2004-2006). Arch. Pediatr. Urug. [online]. 2009, vol.80, n.1, pp.17-22. ISSN 1688-1249.

Summary Introduction: diarrhea caused by Rotavirus is a common disease worldwide. According to official data, severe diarrhea caused by Rotavirus is responsible for 1.45 to 4.85% of all the hospitalizations at private hospitals in Montevideo in children between 0 and 5 years old. Rotavirus is responsible for 15 to 45% of the diarrheas which require hospitalization at this age. Two vaccines have been approved in order to prevent this disease. Objective: to describe the ethiological, clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients until 5 years old hospitalized due to this disease at the Hospital Central de las Fuerzas Armadas. Material and methods: a descriptive, retrospective study was done from January 2004 until December 2006. All children with the diagnosis of acute diarrhea were included. Exclusion criteria were: age more than 5 years old and if the disease lasted more than 14 days. All histories were revised and data was obtained from it such as age, gender, blood studies, complications, another infectious focus, stool studies, dehydration level. Rotavirus was searched in 83% of the patients. Results: acute diarrhea was responsible for 7% of the hospitalizations during that period. 90% was acquired in the community; 1/3 of the patients had low weight and almost half of them were dehydrated. Media hospital stay was 4 days. Rotavirus was found in 44% of the cases. Conclusions: acute diarrhea is still a common cause of hospitalization in children less than 5 years old. In our study Rotavirus caused 2.5% of all the hospitalizations and 44% of the diarrhea which required hospitalization. Other studies done in our media at public and private institutes showed 18 and 45% of frequency respectively. We believe this study shows our country´s reality in order to think about the vaccine


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