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Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay

On-line version ISSN 1688-1249


PEREZ, Walter et al. Diarrea aguda infantil: Admisión hospitalaria en menores de tres años. Año 2005. Arch. Pediatr. Urug. [online]. 2007, vol.78, n.2, pp.94-98. ISSN 1688-1249.

Summary The Pediatric Department at the Pereira Rossell Hospital of Montevideo makes the follow -up of the patients with acute diarrhea who have serious disease characteristics and required hospital admission. In this study 393 children with the disease younger than 3 years were included according to the definition of the WHO, with a medium age of 6 months. Children were exclusively breast fed for (medium time) two months. 19% had previously one episode of diarrhea at least, 39% of them were admitted for this reason. 24% of the total and 52% of readmissions were undernourished. Half of them were orally rehydrated at home. Two thirds were admitted during the summer season. The most frequent causes of hospitalization were dehydration, acidosis and extraenteral concomitant infectious disease. Average hospital stay was 4 days. Rotavirus was isolated in 18% and Adenovirus in 8% of children. Feces cultures were positive in 7 out of 46 being Shigella (4), Salmonella (1) and Campilobacter (2). A group of 28 (7%) children stayed hospitalizad for more than 14 days. No deaths occured. Criteria for admission have had little modifications in the last years, not following the reduction of other indicators of this pathology in our children


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