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vol.73 issue3Utilidad de la traqueostomía en la unidad de cuidados intensivos pediátricos: Experiencia de tres años author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay

On-line version ISSN 1688-1249


ZAMORA, RAQUEL; MARTINEZ, AIRAM; GAZZO, CLAUDIA  and  CORDERO, SOLEDAD. Antecedentes personales y familiares de los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria. Arch. Pediatr. Urug. [online]. 2002, vol.73, n.3, pp.129-136. ISSN 1688-1249.

The objective of this paper was to study the personal and family history of patients with eating disorders (anorexia and bulimia nervosa) so as to identify possible risk factors that might help the pediatrician in becoming aware and carrying out prevention strategies in order to avoid the development of these disorders. Thirty-nine patients with eating disorders were studied, who consulted a specialized center for the treatment of adolescents in the period from October 26, 1995 to September 23, 1999. These were compared with a control group of 39 patients who also consulted the clinic but with different psychiatric diagnoses. The results of both populations were statistically processed with the Chi square test. It concludes that: The population with eating disorders consisted almost exclusively of women with ages ranging from 12 to 26. The predominant subtype was binge-purge bulimia, followed by restrictive anorexia. Seventy five percent had co-cormidity with mood disorders and/or anxiety disorders. Those patients had a significantly greater background of eating disorders and weight problems, both in their first year of life and in the rest of their childhood, compared with the control group. The mothers and fathers had greater percentages of overweight and concern for their physical appearance than the control group; however these were not significant differences. The mothers had a greater percentage of overprotection of their children than the control group; the differences were not significant.


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