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Revista Uruguaya de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0797-0048On-line version ISSN 1688-0420


DAYAN, Víctor et al. Impact of public health policies on the incidence of acute myocardial reperfusion during the initial stages of the COVID-19 pandemic in Uruguay. Rev.Urug.Cardiol. [online]. 2021, vol.36, n.3, e201.  Epub Dec 01, 2021. ISSN 0797-0048.


the emergency health measures imposed to contain SARS-CoV-2 can have collateral effects in the care of cardiovascular diseases. Global country data on the incidence of ST acute myocardial infarction during the pandemic are critical for future health policy.


our objective was to determine if the emergency health measures imposed in Uruguay had a direct impact on the quality of ST elevation acute myocardial infarction care.


we carried out a population-based retrospective study of the entire country to determine the incidence of reperfusion of ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (fibrinolytic and percutaneous) during the emergency health period. The incidence rate of reperfusion, time to reperfusion, and associated mortality were collected from the Fondo Nacional de Recursos (the only government organization in charge of the reperfusion of ST elevation myocardial infarction in Uruguay). These same data were recovered for 2019, 2018 and 2017.


fewer patients were treated in 2020 (136 patients) compared to 2019 (180 patients), 2018 (182 patients), and 2017 (174 patients). Fibrinolytics was performed as the only treatment in 5.1%, 7.2%, 7.7% and 12.1% respectively. The proportion in incidence rate of ST elevation myocardial infarction during the study period in 2020 was lower (0.74, 95% CI: 0.59-0.91). The median time to reperfusion was similar compared to 2019, 2018, and 2017 (p = 0.4). Mortality at 15 days was similar in 2017 (8%), 2018 (6%), 2019 (11%) and 2020 (8%).


emergency health measures were associated with a decrease in the incidence of reperfusion of ST elevation myocardial infarction without affecting the time to reperfusion and mortality.

Keywords : COVID-19; STEMI; Epidemiology.

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