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Revista Uruguaya de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0797-0048On-line version ISSN 1688-0420


ALBISTUR, Juan et al. Percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty in severe adult aortic stenosis: indications, morbidity and mortality. Analysis of the aortic valvuloplasty registry of an university cardiovascular center. Rev.Urug.Cardiol. [online]. 2020, vol.35, n.1, pp.46-79.  Epub Apr 01, 2020. ISSN 0797-0048.


severe aortic stenosis is frequent and valve replacement is the only effective treatment. Percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty has transient benefits, and its indication is restricted to unstable patients as a bridge to other treatment or palliative therapy. In our country, there is a few evidence of this technique.


to determine the indication, efficacy, complications and mortality of percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty performed in our center between January 2006 - September 2018. Secondarily, to determine which was the definitive therapy and it´s delay.


retrospective and descriptive study. All patients who received valvuloplasty during the study period were included. Clinical histories were reviewed. Qualitative variables were presented in absolute value and percentage; the quantitative ones, in median and interquartile interval. Wilcoxon test was applied to dependent variables, p <0.05. Kaplan Meier curves were performed to analize survival. Protocol was approved by ethics committee.


28 cases. 17 (60.7%) were female. Average age was 79.5 years (IQ 73-85.5). The objective of percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty was bridge therapy to decision in 11 cases (39.2%), bridge to definitive treatment in 12 (42.8%) and palliative in 5 (18%). The most frequent indications were: refractory heart failure in 10 cases (35.7%) and cardiogenic shock in 9 (32.1%). Valvuloplasty was successful in 57.1% of cases. 19 patients died (67.8%). The median survival was 59 days (IQ 5-412). 6 patients received definitive treatment (4 percutaneous implantation and 2 open cardiac surgery). The time from percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty to percutaneous aortic valve implantation was 233 days and 47 days to open surgery.


the most frequent indications for percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty were bridge therapy to definitive treatment and decision. Percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty was successful in more than 50% of cases. Major complications determined the prognosis. Mortality was high at follow-up. A small number acceded to definitive treatment (predominantly percutaneous implantation).

Keywords : Aortic valve stenosis; Percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty; Transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

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