SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.34 issue3Evolution in the management of dyslipidemia: comparative analysis of the 2019 ESC versus 2018 ACC/AHA guidelines author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links


Revista Uruguaya de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0797-0048On-line version ISSN 1688-0420


LAYERLE, Bernardo  and  VIGNOLO, Washington. Clinical care of dyslipidemias. Rev.Urug.Cardiol. [online]. 2019, vol.34, n.3, pp.401-433.  Epub Dec 01, 2019. ISSN 0797-0048.

In daily clinical practice the management of patients with dyslipidemias implies knowledge of relevant clinical scientific evidence, common sense, as respect of patient preferences.

There is strong evidence that treatment of dyslipidemias mainly with statins reduces morbidity and mortality in a wide group of patients with few side effects. A critical step in management of this individuals is to make the decision of whether statin treatment is indicated or not. There are patients that have a clear indication of statin use without any further cardiovascular risk calculation. Such is the case in secondary prevention, patients with extremely high low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (>190 mg/dl) and diabetics between 40 and 75 years-old. In all other patients, statin indication should start with a formal cardiovascular risk evaluation. American guidelines suggest using the Pooled Cohort Risk Equations and European guidelines prefer Heartscore. Both scoring systems stratify risk in four categories according to risk intensity. The absolute cardiovascular risk reduction obtained with treatment increases in parallel with the basal cardiovascular risk. This explains the recommendation that both treatment intensity and magnitude of low density lipoprotein cholesterol lowering should increase as the risk of the patient increases. Recommendations provided by American and European guidelines do not always coincide. Thus, besides basal cardiovascular risk estimation, potential adverse drug effects and patient preferences should always be considered in the context of a clinician-patient frank discussion. Ezetimibe first and PCSK9 inhibitors eventually (currently limited by costs and availability) appear as the great allies of statins, when adequate doses are not tolerated or the target is not reached.

We will tackle the subject through five cases that illustrate the main clinical situations in which physicians have to adopt specific therapeutic decisions.

Keywords : Dyslipidemias; Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors; Vascular risk; Low density lipoprotein cholesterol.

        · abstract in Spanish | Portuguese     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )