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Revista Uruguaya de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0797-0048On-line version ISSN 1688-0420


FERNANDEZ CABALIN, Carlos  and  QUEZADA STAUB, Katty. Arrhythmogenic right ventricle cardiomyopathy: particularities of the diagnostic approach in pediatrics. Rev.Urug.Cardiol. [online]. 2018, vol.33, n.3, pp.280-313. ISSN 0797-0048.

Arrhythmogenic right ventricle cardiomyopathy is a disease of genetic origin, whose molecular basis is at the level of desmosomes, characterized by a progressive replacement of right ventricle myocytes by fatty tissue, which leads to potentially serious arrhythmias and myocardial dysfunction. It is a cause of sudden death associated with exercise. The appearance of symptoms before 10 years old is rare, which compels a high degree of clinical suspicion. In more than 50% of cases there is a family history of those affected, so the cascade study of the probands is recommended (major criterion of disease). In pediatrics, it is believed that most often is that patients are investigated by this ground, as well among asymptomatic children in whom an electrocardiogram is performed as part of the screening of sports competition. One should suspect arrhythmogenic right ventricle cardiomyopathy with ventricular tachycardia with appearance of left bundle branch block. Classical alterations described in echocardiography or magnetic resonance imaging are rare in children, and segmental abnormalities in these techniques should be considered. The stratification of risk has been extrapolated from the studies of elderly patients, and according to this, the indication of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator must be decided, especially in case of sudden cardiac death recovered or sustained ventricular tachycardia. The relevance of the use of drugs must be individually analyzed. In definite cases, intensive exercises should be abolished, recommending only those of low intensity.

Keywords : Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy; Sudden death; Desmosomes.

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